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2310

THREE COLONIAL EDGED WEAPONS EXCAVATED NEAR JAMESTOWN VIRGINIA. These three weapons come from the collection of Harold Peterson who was known for his numerous publications on antique American arms including articles concerning Jamestown excavations and other early American sites. Several similar weapons are pictured in his 1956 publication, “Arms and Armor in Colonial America 1526-1783“. Mr. Peterson shows in this book excavated gun parts, edged weapons and accoutrements from the earliest American Colonial sites through the Revolutionary War. The swept-hilted rapier in this group measures just over 45″, and is a wonderful complete relic typical of the style circa 1600 incorporating a complex counter guard of multiple branches of foliate and pierced design, a large 2-1/2″ iron ovoid pommel. A very similar excavated guard from a swept-hilted rapier circa 1590 was excavated Kecoughtan, an early outpost in Jamestown which is now in the Smithsonian Institute. The National Park Service owns a circa 1600 Solingen made swept-hilt rapier pictured in Mr. Peterson’s book. Mr. Peterson wrote other monographs concerning excavations in the Jamestown area and possibly one or more of these weapons may be included. The second sword in this grouping is a basket-hilted broadsword measuring about 41”. Mr. Peterson shows five vary similar excavated basket-hilts on pg. 86 of cited book. Peterson notes that about 10 broadsword hilts have been excavated at Jamestown, and one from an Indian grave near Macon, Georgia. These basket-hilts are of the form commonly associated with the Scottish today. Actually, this form of broadsword made its appearance in England as early as the 1640’s. Where this sword was actually found may be of great interest as Mr. Peterson in 1956 only sights one complete broadsword found at Jamestown which is now in the National Park Service. Mr. Peterson also states that the blades typically used in these broadswords were typically from Solingen as the partially discernible marks on the blade appears to be German, possibly reading “Hermen”. The third weapon in this grouping is a massive Halberd. This Halberd has a blade approximately 20″ long and over 3″ wide and has a total length with straps of about 3 ft. Halberds were used in America according to Peterson as a functional weapon as early as De Sotos expeditions here in the 16th century. In America, Halberds are frequently mentioned in the records of English and Dutch colonies during the 17th century. Peterson notes that in Strachey’s “Martiall Lavves” of 1611 for Virginia, requires sergeants to carry Halberds for garrison duty. There is a record of Halberds actually being used in combat during the Pequot War in New England in the 1630’s. Peterson shows a 17th century Halberd of similar form on pg. 95 that was found in the cellar of the John Alden now in Pilgrim Hall, in Plymouth, MA. PROVENANCE: Harold Peterson, Gordon Barlow, Donald Tharpe Collection. CONDITION: Swept-hilt rapier is good and solid as excavated being overall rusted and pitted as can be seen in photos. Broadsword is good as excavated, rusted and pitted overall, hilt is loose, but not removable from sword. Halberd is solid overall, rusted and pitted overall. 4-44160 JS166 (20,000-40,000)

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Auction: Firearms - Fall 2011
Please Note: All prices include the hammer price plus the buyer’s premium, which is paid by the buyer as part of the purchase price. The prices noted here after the auction are considered unofficial and do not become official until after the 46th day.